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Tourism, government services, transportation and manufacturing industries are the main drivers of the city’s economy. Milner II, Clyde A; O'Connor, Carol A.; Sandweiss, Martha A. Phillips, Charles; Axlerod, Alan; editor. To the east of the Western United States is the Midwestern United States and the Southern United States, with Canada to the north, and Mexico to the south. Covering an area of 253,600 sq. The biggest – Great Divide Basin is located to the south of the Sweetwater River. The state also has numerous man-made reservoirs, with the largest ones located on the North Platte River, to the south of Casper, and the northeast of Riverton on the Bighorn River. At noon Wednesday, April 7, Central Wyoming College professor Todd Guenther will discuss the emigrant history of the Red Desert and the significance of the Great Migration. Because the tide of development had not yet reached most of the West when conservation became a national issue, agencies of the federal government own and manage vast areas of land. Low elevations on the West Coast have warm summers and mild winters with little to no snow. The wheat belt extends from Texas through The Dakotas, producing most of the wheat and soybeans in the U.S. and exporting more to the rest of the world. Situated in the extreme northwestern part of the state is the country’s oldest and largest national park – the Yellowstone National Park. American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands are also considered part of the western U.S. by the U.S. National Park Service,[9] the Federal Reserve Bank system,[10] FEMA,[11] and the USGS. The Great Plains consists of rolling hills, wide river valleys, and acres of prairie grassland covering the landscape. Alaska and most Mountain states are more Republican, with Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming being Republican strongholds, and Nevada and Arizona being swing states. The Wyoming Basin borders the Continental Divide between the eastern and western mountains and comprises of smaller mountains and relatively flat basins. In the north, they run almost immediately east of the Cascade Range, so that the desert region is only a few miles wide by the time one reaches the Canada–US border. As the fastest-growing demographic group, after Asians, Latinos are hotly contested by both parties. California, Oregon, Washington, Colorado, Hawaii and New Mexico lean toward the Democratic Party. For example, the majority of Western states have legalized medicinal marijuana (all but Utah and Wyoming) and some forms of gambling (except Utah); Colorado, Oregon, Washington, and Montana have legalized physician-assisted suicide; most rural counties in Nevada allow licensed brothels, and voters in Alaska, Colorado, Nevada, California, Oregon, and Washington have legalized recreational use of marijuana.[39]. These dry areas encompass much of Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. Culturally distinctive points include the large Mormon population in the Mormon Corridor, including southeastern Idaho, Utah, Northern Arizona, and Nevada; the extravagant casino resort towns of Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada; and the numerous American Indian tribal reservations. Washington is famous for its apples, and Idaho for its potatoes. The survey respondents as a whole showed just how little agreement there was on the boundaries of the West. Plains make up much of the eastern portion of the West, underlain with sedimentary rock from the Upper Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras. The Laramie Mountains are a range of moderately high peaks on the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S states of Wyoming and Colorado.The range is the northernmost extension of the line of the ranges along the eastern side of the Rockies, and in particular of the higher peaks of the Front Range directly to the south. National parks are reserved for recreational activities such as fishing, camping, hiking, and boating, but other government lands also allow commercial activities like ranching, logging, and mining. Immigration is an important political issue for this group. The Cascades are also volcanic. Following World War II, the West's cities experienced an economic and population boom. eastern tennessee. Before about 1800, the crest of the Appalachian Mountains was seen as the western frontier. Tornadoes occur every spring on the southern plains, with the most common and most destructive centered on Tornado Alley, which covers eastern portions of the West, (Texas to North Dakota), and all states in between and to the east. The state’s lowest point is located in the extreme northeastern corner along the Belle Fourche River, at an elevation of 3,099ft. During the latter half of the 20th century, several transcontinental interstate highways crossed the West bringing more trade and tourists from the East. The Inland Northwest has a continental climate of warm to hot summers and cold to bitterly cold winters. The image of the cowboy, the homesteader, and westward expansion took real events and transmuted them into a myth of the west which has shaped much of American popular culture since the late 19th century. Pre-Columbian trade routes to kingdoms and empires such as the Mound Builders existed in places such as Yellowstone National Park since around 1000 AD. Irrigation in the Southwest allows the growth of great quantities of fruits, nuts, and vegetables as well as grain, hay, and flowers. It has also produced three presidents: Herbert Hoover, Richard Nixon, and Ronald Reagan. The following table shows the breakdown of party affiliation of governors, attorneys general, state legislative houses, and U.S. congressional delegation for the outlying areas of the Western United States, as of 2020[update]. [27], The history of the American West in the late 19th and early 20th centuries has acquired a cultural mythos in the literature and cinema of the United States. For the part of Poland, see, Regional definitions vary from source to source. Cowboy culture has become embedded in the American experience as a common cultural touchstone, and modern forms as diverse as country and western music have celebrated the sense of isolation and independence of spirit inspired by the frontiersmen on "virgin land". The three inhabited Pacific U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands) are sometimes considered part of the Western United States. Also, in 2018 and 2020, the GOP lost both Arizona Senate seats to the Democrats. The Columbia River, the largest river in volume flowing into the Pacific Ocean from North America, and its tributary, the Snake River, water the Pacific Northwest. The prevalence of libertarian political attitudes is widespread. The mountains dominating Wyoming’s horizon were formed during a period of mountain-building activity known as the Laramide orogeny, which affected the region from about 70 million to 40 million years ago. [32][33], Since the mid-1970s, historians of the West have emphasized the World War II years as a major watershed, as a region experienced enormous social and economic change, and became the pacesetter for societal evolution. Omaha, home to the Union Pacific Railroad and the Mormon Trail, made its fortunes on outfitting settlers; St. Louis built itself upon the vast fur trade in the West before its settlement. Mount Rainier, a volcano in Washington, is also over 14,000 feet (4,300 m). Los Angeles has the largest Mexican population outside of Mexico, while San Francisco has the largest Chinese community in North America and also has a large LGBT community, and Oakland, California has a large percentage of residents being African-American, as well as Long Beach, California which also has a significant Black community. The largest concentrations for African Americans in the West can be found in San Diego, Los Angeles, Oakland, Sacramento, Fresno, San Francisco, Seattle, Tacoma, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Denver, and Colorado Springs. The West contains several major biomes, including arid and semi-arid plateaus and plains, particularly in the American Southwest; forested mountains, including two major ranges, the American Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains; the long coastal shoreline of the American Pacific Coast; and the rainforests of the Pacific Northwest. Four more metropolitan areas of San Bernardino-Riverside, San Diego, Denver, Phoenix, and Seattle have over a million residents, while the three fastest growing metro areas were the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, the Las Vegas metropolitan area; and the Portland metropolitan area. Public lands account for 25 to 75 percent of the total land area in these states. The following table shows the breakdown of party affiliation of governors, attorneys general, state legislative houses, and U.S. congressional delegation for the Western states, as of 2019[update]. [8] (See District Court of Guam and District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands). 2010 U.S. Census. Texas is a major cattle and sheep raising area, as well as the nation's largest producer of cotton. Most of them have highly individualistic cultures, and have worked to balance the interests of urban development, recreation, and the environment. The region had always been more democratic with greater racial and gender equality, and continued as a national pacesetter in modernization. The West is one of the most sparsely settled areas in the United States with 49.5 inhabitants per square mile (19/km2). ", Lamont, Victoria. The biggest – Great Divide Basin is located to the south of the Sweetwater River. [41][42][43], The Western United States consistently ranks well in health measures. Discover the true spirit of skiing and riding on quality snow and terrain at 50+ uncrowded, welcoming, and affordable ski resorts across the US and Canada. Land Relief. According to the United States Coast Guard, "The Western Rivers System consists of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland, Arkansas, and White Rivers and their tributaries, and certain other rivers that flow towards the Gulf of Mexico. Agriculture varies depending on rainfall, irrigation, soil, elevation, and temperature extremes. With an area of 253,600, Wyoming is the 10th largest and the least populous state in the USA. The State of Wyoming is located in the west-central (Mountain States area) region of the United States. [citation needed] Historically, the West was the first region to see widespread women's suffrage, with women casting votes in Utah and Wyoming as early as 1870, five decades before the 19th Amendment was ratified by the nation. Other parts are true desert which receive less than 5 inches (130 mm) of rain per year. American Samoa is in Polynesia in the South Pacific Ocean, while Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands are in the Mariana Islands in the western North Pacific Ocean. Hawaii's location makes it a major gateway between the United States and Asia, as well as a center for tourism. California birthed both the property rights and conservation movements, and spawned such phenomena as the Taxpayer Revolt and the Berkeley Free Speech Movement. The above outline map represents the State of Wyoming, located in the west-central (Mountain States area) region of the United States. Brilliant, Mark and David M. Kennedy, eds. Mount St. Helens, a volcano in the Cascades erupted explosively in 1980. Oil boom towns in Texas and Oklahoma rivaled the old mining camps for their rawness and wealth. The Western United States has been populated by Native Americans since at least 11,000 years ago, when the first Paleo-Indians arrived. The rate of potentially preventable hospitalizations in the Western United States was consistently lower than other regions from 2005 to 2011. western maryland. The landlocked state of Wyoming is bordered by the states of Utah in the southwest, by Idaho in the west; by Colorado in the south, by South Dakota and Nebraska in the east; and by Montana in the north and northwest. Between 1830 and 1912, an estimated 500,000 people traversed South Pass on their migration westward, using the network of the Oregon, California, and Mormon trails. northern alabama (and georgia) the rust belt - coal's destination In alphabetical order, these counties are: Albany, Big Horn, Campbell, Carbon, Converse, Crook, Fremont, Goshen, Hot Springs, Johnson, Laramie, Lincoln, Natrona, Niobrara, Park, Platte, Sheridan, Sublette, Sweetwater, Teton, Uinta, Washakie, and Weston. [12], The population distribution by race in the Western United States (2010):[17], As defined by the United States Census Bureau, the Western region of the United States includes 13 states[1] with a total 2013 estimated population of 74,254,423.[18]. Hawaii is the only state in the union in which Asian Americans outnumber white American residents. Counties Map The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. Western businessmen promoted Route 66 as a means to bring tourism and industry to the West. While most of the studies of racial dynamics in America such as riots in Los Angeles have been written about European and African Americans, in many cities in the West and California, Whites and Blacks together are less than half the population because of the preference for the region by Hispanics and Asians. The Colorado River is a major source of water in the Southwest and many dams, such as the Hoover Dam, form reservoirs along it. Only Texas with 78.0 inhabitants/sq mi. Massive late 19th–20th century population and settlement booms created two megalopolis areas of the Greater Los Angeles/Southern California and the San Francisco Bay Area/Northern California regions, one of the nation's largest metropolitan areas and in the top 25 largest urban areas in the world. The Inter-mountain States and Pacific Northwest have huge expanses of volcanic rock from the Cenozoic era. Fueled by the growth of Los Angeles, as well as the San Francisco Bay area, including Silicon Valley, the center of America's high tech industry, California has become the most populous of all the 50 states. Association of this proposal with California Republicans, especially incumbent governor Pete Wilson, drove many Hispanic voters to the Democrats.[40].

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