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It is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia. Costa Rica (Spanish: Costa Rica or República de Costa Rica, pronounced [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkosta ˈrika]) is a small country in Central America bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.. The location receiving the most rain is the Caribbean slopes of the Cordillera Central mountains, with an annual rainfall of over 5,000 mm (196.9 in). We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. It borders the Cocos Plate in the Pacific Ocean which is being subducted beneath it. Much of the region is covered by the Talamancan montane forests. The area is 51,100 km² of which 40 km² is water. The country also specializes in adrenalin-fuelled adventure tourism in all its forms: canopy walks, zip-lines, white-water rafting, mountain biking circuits, hiking trails and horseback rides are not the ‘extras’ in Costa Rica, but the main reason most people come here. The Cordillera de Guanacaste is in the north near the border with Nicaragua and forms part of the Continental Divide of the Americas. There are 16 reserves between the Tilaran and Guanacaste mountain ranges, and the area features geologic and biological delights, such as the active Arenal Volcano. The park is also known for its wide range of biodiversity, with approximately half of all Costa Rican birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals represented somewhere within its boundaries. There 29 national parks of Costa Rica many conservation areas of Costa Rica. Note 2: Part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region. During the Late Paleocene, a local sea-level low-stand assisted by the continental uplift of the western margin of South America, resulted in a land bridge over which several groups of mammals apparently took part in an interchange. Consist of 1/3 of primary forest and 2/3 of pasture. Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian. Andes – 7,000 km (4,300 mi). The "summer" or dry season goes from December to April, and "winter" or rainy season goes from May to November, which almost coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, and during this time, it rains constantly in some regions. The northwest, with the longest dry season, contains open deciduous forest. Otherwise to the north it's Peñas Blancas, to the south and east the Panama border, and to the west the Santa Elena Peninsula. Since the late 1980s Costa Rica … [6] There are 117 native trees and more than 1,400 types of orchids; a third of them can be found in the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve. The year can be split into two periods, the dry season known to the residents as summer (verano), and the rainy season, known locally as winter (invierno). It is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia The Arenal Observatory Lodge , originally a private observatory established in 1987, is the only lodge within the Arenal Volcano National Park boundaries. Incredible mountain property located only minutes away from Atenas city, this estate features one hectare of extension (with over 200 exotic fruit trees), staggering mountain views, recently constructed, large swimming pool, tennis court, basketball court, large rooms and luxurious finishes. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, "Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica, Volcán Arenal, Map, Eruptions", Costa Rica sustainable resource management: Successfully tackling tropical deforestation, "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Some of the country's most notable avian species include the resplendent quetzal, scarlet macaw, three-wattled bellbird, bare-necked umbrellabird, and the keel-billed toucan. One of our top picks in Fortuna. The area is 51,100 km² of which 40 km² is water. Costa Rica is located on the Caribbean Plate. The Indian Plate is still particularly mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year and this page may need to be updated in a few years; of these the Himalayas are rising most quickly; the Kashmir and Pamirs region to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of these mountains which encircle the Tibetan Plateau. [7], The diversity of wildlife in Costa Rica is very high; there are 441 species of amphibians and reptiles, 838 species of birds, 232 species of mammals and 181 species of fresh water fish. Dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands. It has 212 km of Caribbean Sea coastline and 1,016 on the North Pacific Ocean. [2], Costa Rica is a biodiversity hotspot. Over 400 types of birds and more than 100 species of mammals can be found there. Costa Rica has many different mountain ranges, surrounding the Valle Central. Costa Rica has high levels of endemism; 81 species of amphibians and reptiles, 17 species of birds and 7 species of mammals are endemic to the country. The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is home to about 2,000 plant species,[14] including numerous orchids. There are many islands of Costa Rica, the most remote being Cocos Island and the largest being Isla Calero. It contains the country's highest peaks: the Cerro Chirripó and the Cerro Kamuk. It also includes the Cerros de Escazú which borders the Costa Rican Central Valley to the south. Ranges in the oceans and on other celestial bodies are listed afterwards. Both total and per capita water usage is very high in comparison to other Central American countries but when measured against available freshwater sources, Costa Rica uses only 5% of its available supply. [8] Some of the country's most endangered species are the Harpy eagle, the Giant anteater, the Golden toad and the Jaguar. Rivers of Costa Rica all drain into the Caribbean or the Pacific. Uptime Institute has issued 1900 awards in 108 countries for our Tier Standard, M&O Stamp of Approval and Efficient IT programs. Much of the Cordillera de Talamanca is included in the La Amistad International Park, which is shared between Costa Rica and Panama. [9], Over 25% of Costa Rica's national territory is protected by SINAC (the National System of Conservation Areas), which oversees all of the country's protected areas. Featuring hot spring baths, sauna, massages services, luxury spa treatments and 5 swimming pools, Tabacón Thermal Resort & Spa is 15 minutes’ drive from the Arenal Volcano National Park. Almost a half of the country's land is covered by forests, though only 3.5% is covered by primary forests. Agriculture is the largest water user demanding around 53% of total supplies while the sector contributes 6.5% to the Costa Rica GDP. Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian.It has 212 km of Caribbean Sea coastline and 1,016 on the North Pacific Ocean.. Land use: Arable land: 4.8%. This property has 95 hectares (235 acres). 9.3% of the country is protected under IUCN categories I-V. Around 25% of the country's land area is in protected national parks and protected areas,[10][11] the largest percentage of protected areas in the world (developing world average 13%, developed world average 8%).[7][12][13]. Increasing urbanization will put pressure on water resources management in Costa Rica. Mountain systems, himalyan ranges and chains by length (over 500 km): The underwater Mid-ocean ridge – 65,000 km (40,000 mi); Ring of Fire – 40,000 km (25,000 mi). According to the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 209 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and plants are endangered. This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies. Located 15 kilometers from Fortuna in the northwest part of Costa Rica, between the foothills of the Cordillera de Tilaran mountain range and the San Carlos plains, Arenal Volcano National Park is one of the most visited destinations in the Northern Zone. The park is filled with short trails, lava fields, and forests. The lowest point is sea level, and the highest is Cerro Chirripo: at 3810 m. The climate is tropical and subtropical. Costa Rica's seasons are defined by how much rain falls during a particular period. Costa Rica claims an exclusive economic zone of 574,725 km2 (221,903 sq mi) with 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) and a territorial sea of 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi). See List of peaks by prominence (ranking the mountain ranges as well). Cocos Island is the southwestern extreme of the country. The Caribbean Plate began its eastward migration during the Late Cretaceous. On the Talamanca range grow numerous evergreen oaks and, above the timberline, mountain scrub and grasses. Its located just minutes outside Tilaran town very close to Lake Arenal and Arenal Volcanoe area. While the country has only about 0.03% of the world's landmass, it contains 5% of the world's biodiversity. Administrative divisions of Costa Rica include 7 provinces, 82 cantons, and 478 districts. Costa Rica's geography reveals a history of cataclysm, with earthquakes, floods and volcanoes shaping its present-day landscape. All of the Asian ranges above have been formed in part over the past 35 to 55 million years by the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate. Note 1: A peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs"[1] more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries. Tortuguero National Park is home to monkeys, sloths, birds; and a variety of reptiles. However, many species are endangered. [15] The Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad is allowed to collect royalties on any biological discoveries of medical importance. Because Costa Rica is located between 8 and 12 degrees north of the Equator, the climate is tropical year round. Costa Rica is a center of biological diversity for reptiles and amphibians, including the world's fastest running lizard, the spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis).[16]. Mountain Lakes (Oregon, United States) Volcanic field, 2502 m / 8209 ft Mousa Alli (Ethiopia/Eritrea/Djibouti) Stratovolcano, 2028 m / 6,653 ft Moutohora Island (New Zealand) Complex, 354 m / 1161 ft Costa Rica is party to the following treaties: This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:11. Costa Rica is officially known as the Republic of Costa Rica.. American Cordillera – 13,400 km (8,300 mi) . Category:Mountain ranges of South America, List of lunar features § Mountain ranges, List of tallest mountains in the Solar System, https://www.britannica.com/science/Alpide-Belt, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234834352_The_Great_Escarpment_of_Southern_Africa_A_New_Frontier_for_Biodiversity_Exploration, https://www.britannica.com/place/Himalayas/Physical-features, https://www.britannica.com/place/Great-Himalayas, https://www.britannica.com/place/Lesser-Himalayas, Early paleozoic magmatism of the Sette Daban, Southern Verkhoyansk region, Southeastern Yakutia, https://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=10350, https://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=13254, https://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=37927, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_mountain_ranges&oldid=1014317683, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Verkhoyansk Range-Suntar-Khayata Range – 1,650 km (1,030 mi) (section of the East, Northern Yolla-Bolly Mountains, California, This page was last edited on 26 March 2021, at 12:15. However, the country has many microclimates depending on elevation, rainfall, topography, and by the geography of each particular region. Freshwater withdrawal is 5.77 km³/year (15%/9%/77%), or per capita: 1,582 m³/year. Northern and Southern Andes main subdivisions, along both run three vast, almost parallel chain systems of mountain ranges - … By IAU convention, lunar mountain ranges are given Latin names. These awards represent the 3rd party validation of data center designs, constructed facilities, operational plans and overall efficiency. View the mile-high volcano, a near-perfect conical shape that emerges from the Sierra de Tilarán mountain range; Gaze at the placid Lake Arenal, watching for northern jacana, woodpeckers, and kingfishers by its shores; Please note: Travelers should be able to hike around two miles over uneven terrain and hardened lava. [4][5] It is home to about 12,119 species of plants, of which 950 are endemic. Palm trees are common on the Caribbean coastline, and mangroves grow on the shallow protected shores of the Nicoya and Dulce gulfs along the Pacific. The most northern one is called Cordillera de Guanacaste and it consists of several volcanoes, some of which are still active. Costa Rica shares a 313 km border with Nicaragua to the north, and a 348 km with Panama to the south. Hydropower from Lake Arenal, the largest lake in Costa Rica. Mountain systems, himalyan ranges and chains by length (over 500 km): The longest mountain range in the world (above sea level) is the Andes, consisting of several subranges. First, the highest and longest mountain ranges on Earth are listed, followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent. "Issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and recommendations on any further process, "Biodiversity and Protected Areas – Costa Rica", "Physiological correlates of locomotory performance in a lizard: an allometric approach", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Costa_Rica&oldid=994192911, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Together protected areas comprise over one-fourth of Costa Rican territory. Owner financing available and its possible a partial sale. Understand []. The northwest-southeast orientation of the mountain range divides Costa Rica into two sides: the Pacific and the Caribbean. Many earthquakes in Costa Rica have occurred. Humidity is also higher on the Caribbean side than on the Pacific side. This forms the volcanoes in Costa Rica, also known as the Central America Volcanic Arc.[1]. [14], Over 840 species of birds have been identified in Costa Rica. As is the case in much of Central America, the avian species in Costa Rica are a mix of North and South American species. There are also 24 indigenous territories. Several trails—Heliconias, Coladas, Tucanes and Los Miradores—allow observation of much of the park’s flora and fauna, as well as … Permanent crops: 6.66%. There are more Costa Rica mountains to to the southeast, called the Cordillera de Tilaran. The country's abundant fruit trees, many of which bear fruit year round, are hugely important to the birds, some of whom survive on diets that consist only of one or two types of fruit. A diversity of soaring mountains, dormant and active craters, black and white sand beaches, rushing rivers and powerful waterfalls grace Costa Rica’s 19,653 square miles, an area smaller than West Virginia. The mean annual temperature on the coastal lowlands is around 27 °C (81 °F), 20 °C (68 °F) in the main populated areas of the Cordillera Central, and below 10 °C (50 °F) on the summits of the highest mountains. The nation's coastal plain separated by the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca, which form the spine of the country and separate the Pacific and Caribbean drainage divides. Other: 88.54%. IUCN reports the Golden toad as extinct. Total renewable water resources is 112.4 km³. [6] Deforestation in Costa Rica has been reduced from some of the worst rates in the world from 1973 to 1989, to almost zero by 2005.

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